The Great Compromise Of 1850 Outline Summary
The seeds of the inhumane tradition of slavery were sown years back in 1619. It was in this year that 20 Africans were bought by English settlers in Virginia. At that point of time, the contract governing their purchase stipulated their release after a span of few years. Unfortunately, the provisions of the contract were overlooked and slavery became a part of life for generations’ altogether.
The legalization of slavery came through in Massachusetts Bay Colony and Virginia in 1641 and 1660 respectively. To add to the miserable plight of the slaves, in the year 1663 Maryland became a pioneer in legalizing slavery for life. Following the footsteps of Maryland was Virginia, who out ruled the previous English Law that advocated the release of slaves who adopted Christianity.
It was only years later in 1688 that some people in Germantown, PA gathered the wit to oppose slavery for the first time and eventually almost a century thereafter in July of 1776, several colonies adopted the Declaration of Independence and recognized themselves as equals with others. Commencing from an initiative made by Pennsylvania in the year 1780 to do away with slavery, several states such as Massachusetts, Vermont, Kentucky, Tennessee, Ohio, New Jersey, Louisiana, Indiana, Mississippi, Illinois, Alabama, Maine, Missouri and New York, took steps to eradicate this inequality amongst human beings. While slavery seemed completely absent in the northern states by the year 1850, the percentage of existing slavery was considerably high in the south. The Great Compromise of 1850 came into being as a measure to tone down the differences between the north and south with respect to slavery.
It was in the year 1820 via the Missouri Compromise that Missouri was granted the permission to stay a slave state, while Maine was declare a Free State. As a consequence of this, the United States was fragmented into two parts demarking the slave states from the Free states visualizing a line passing across the east coast to the Pacific Ocean. After another 3 decades of this Missouri Compromise, California triggered another controversy by putting forth its desire to be incorporated into the Union. Since as per the Missouri Compromise, California was segregated into two domains, a solution had to be thought of to resolve this problem. The remedy was put across in the form of the Compromise of 1850 by Henry Clay. This proposal recommended the surrendering of the disputed land by Texas, who would be handed over an amount of $10 million in lieu. While California was recognized as a free state, the territories of New Mexico, Nevada, Arizona and Utah were granted the permission to choose whether to be part of the Free or slave states.
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