History Of Emancipation Proclamation
One of the factors that influenced the candidature of Abraham Lincoln for the post of the President was the issue of slavery. The Republicans decided upon him as the most eligible candidate in 1860 owing to his moderate viewpoint on slavery. Although Lincoln condemned this inhuman act, he was also well aware of the fact that the sudden abolishing of slavery would result in a chaotic situation within the country.
Therefore, during the initial phase of his tenure as the President, he attempted to bring about gradual alterations in the scenario, thereby paving way for complete emancipation. He even recommended that slaves that were liberated from bondage were at liberty to live in Central America. Once the Civil War commenced in 1861, Lincoln was under extreme pressure to declare the eradication of slavery by the African-American and white abolitionists. However, he was doubtful of acting forcefully on this issue as he feared the disaffiliation of the 4 of the border States. Lincoln obviously did not want any more states to join the Confederacy.
Although Lincoln did try to decline opinions that suggested the abolishment of slavery as a strategic move to win the Civil War rather than real concern on the issue; most of the slaves could clearly link the two issues. During the Civil War, several slaves crossed and joined hands with the Union and many even enrolled themselves as part of the military. This certainly strengthened the stance of the Union in the Civil War. However, very soon the federal government was subjected to extreme pressure from the slaves, who were no more ready to wait for the declaration of abolishing slavery. This led to the implementation of the Confiscation Act in August of 1861 but even this act was not completely transparent. Despite the announcement of surrendering the property of the Confederates, this act did not grant freedom to the slaves. In fact, the ambiguity on the subject of the escaped slaves resulted in each Union military commander drawing his own conclusion. The confusion was sorted by the implementation of the second Confiscation Act announced in 1862. As per this act, freedom was granted to slaves of those owners who were rebelling against the government of the US. This act gradually paved way for the Emancipation Proclamation.
With the mounting of immense pressure Lincoln was compelled to put forth the first segment of the Emancipation Proclamation to the members of the cabinet in July 1862. The same was publicly announced in September of the same year. This declaration came as a warning to the confederate states to put a stop to their rebellious attitude; else slavery would be abolished in their states. With the release of the second part of the proclamation on January 1, 1863, Lincoln true to his word did exactly what he had declared in the prior part of Emancipation Proclamation.
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