Why Was The Emancipation Proclamation Written ?
Over the years, historians have pointed out several reasons for the penning down of the Emancipation Proclamation by President, Abraham Lincoln in the year 1862. The first and foremost objective of this declaration was to mar the strength of the Southern states. These states perpetuated slavery and utilized the services of the slaves for all kinds of jobs, be it on the farms or factories.
Slaves were the ones who even stitched the uniforms of the soldiers and took care of their other requirements. All property damages incurred by the state during the civil war such as breakage of railway tracks and factories were renovated by making use of the slaves as the basic labor force. Lincoln was well aware of the fact that a reduction in this labor force would decrease the might of the south in the war. The release of the Emancipation Proclamation witnessed escape of several slaves, leaving the southern states completely handicapped.
Another vital reason for drafting the proclamation was to gather international support. At the beginning of the Civil War, the European nations were in favor of the southern states that they believed they were for fighting for their independence. As it is, relationships between the US and the United Kingdom were bitter since the Trent Affair, therefore Lincoln was looking at a tool that would help him win the war and gain international support in the bargain as well. In his mind, the Emancipation Proclamation would certainly help him in achieving these results as he knew very well that Britain was against the issue of slavery. A nation that itself was legally opposed to this inhuman act had to support the same cause in another nation. Although prior to the announcement of this order, Britain and France were in favor of the Confederate states but this declaration reversed the situation to the advantage of the Union.
The third and the last reason was what the proclamation actually stood for that is the liberation of the slaves. President Abraham Lincoln had always been troubled with the issue of slavery and had opposed the act right from the onset of his term. Even prior to the release of this declaration, he had made attempts to put at end to this heinous crime but his efforts were marred owing to legal issues and non-cooperation from all the states. Nevertheless, Lincoln did not give up hope and continued his endeavor to eradicative slavery. However, the Emancipation Proclamation could only focus on the states that were in rebellion as Lincoln did not possess the constitutional power to cover all the states under the order. It was only in the year 1865 that his efforts reaped complete results in the form of a law passed by the Congress that finally announced the abolishment of slavery.
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