All through history Sudan had the Arab heritage in the north and African heritage in the south. Both the groups were divided based on the language, religion, economic class and race and this lead to ethnic clashes. As the southern part of the people in Sudan ate isolated geographically, they were unable to participate in the political, economical and social life of Sudan.
The evolution of Sudan was also affected by its relation with the Egypt. Egypt and Sudan had relationship from the 8th millennium BC. These 2 countries started having modern relations in the year 1920 as the army of Egypt under the command of ottoman invaded Sudan’s Liverpool. In the next few years, Egypt occupied Red Sea coast and the Great Lakes region in East Africa. Egypt ruled Sudan for 64 years and ended its rule in the year 1885. However, the rule of Egypt influenced the politics and economy of Sudan. As the Sudan came into control of the Anglo Egyptian rule in the year 1899, it strengthened the relations between Khartoum and Cairo.More...
History Of Sudan Government
The present northern Sudan was the Kingdom of Nubia in the ancient times and the kingdom was under the rule of Egypt till 350 AD. The Nubian and the Egyptian civilizations known as Kush prospered until 350 AD. It was in the 6th century when the missionaries started converting the people to Christianity, but the Muslim Arabs, who influenced the religion before the missionaries, were the controllers. And, Islam replaced Christianity.
In the 1500s, the Funj tribe took control of almost all the parts of Sudan and many black Africans became the settlers of the south which include Dinka, Nuer, Azande and Shilluk. Sudan was again conquered by Egypt in the year 1874 and in the year 1882 Egypt was occupied by the British and it took Sudan in to control in the year 1898.
The Sudan nationalism started to grow in the 20th century as the British and Egyptians left Sudan with the self government in the year 1953. Independence was declared on 1 January 1956. After the independence, the ruling parties were unstable with the parliamentary governments and the military people ruling the party. More...
The Early History Of Sudan
Sudan was made up of groups of small and independent kingdoms starting from the Christian era till 1820-21, as Egypt took control of the northern part of the country. The Mahdist and the Egypt did not control the regions in the south effectively. Sudan had been the place for the fragmented tribes who were always attacked by the slave raiders.
In the year 1881, Muhammad Ibn Abdalla, a religious leader, declared himself as the Mahdi, who is also known as the Expected One, and started a religious campaign for the unification of the tribes in the west and the central of Sudan. His followers were called the Ansars, a term which is used till today and they are connected to the Umma Party which is led by Sadiq al Mahdi, the descendent of the Mahdi.More...