Why Did The War In Afghanistan Start ?
The war in Afghanistan has its roots in the invasion of the country and subsequent occupation by the Soviet Union. This occurred in the 1970s. In order to fight the occupying Soviet forces and stop the spread of communism, the United States armed militia groups, which ultimately gave rise to the Al Qaeda and Taliban. Finally, with the fall of the Iron Curtain, the Soviet forces withdrew from Afghanistan, but it let the country in disarray, leading to a civil war.
The civil war was fought between the different anti-communist groups, which were known as Mujahadeens. However, even between the groups there was infighting. The Mujahadeens were united by Mullah Mohammed Omar, who himself fought against the Russians. Once the communist regime fell in Afghanistan, Mohammed Omar returned to his village and ended up forming a group that we now know as the infamous Taliban. Taliban means student and many of the recruits that joined the group were students of Islamic studies. Seeing the popularity of the Taliban, several other Pashtun Mujahadeens joined the group and decided to put order in their chaotic country.
The Taliban followed the Islamic law and under this law, women were stopped from working, going out of their homes and studying. Men had to grow facial hair and attend the services at the mosques every day without fail. All forms of entertainment were stopped and people belonging to minority religions had to wear some type of clothing that would identify them as minorities. In 2001, the Taliban decided to destroy all idols not associated with Islam and this was the time when the group managed to garner support from Osama Bin Laden and the Al Qaeda, which believed and supported the Taliban doctrine.
Slowly, the Taliban started gaining control of Afghanistan and finally in the year 1997, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan and United Arab Emirates officially recognized Taliban as the official government of Afghanistan.
In the mean time, Al Qaeda had opened training camps in Afghanistan and the group launched a series of bombings against US embassies in certain countries in Africa. This prompted the US to launch cruise missiles on the trainings camps. However, Osama Bin Laden had bigger plans for the United States. He was planning on a series of attack on American soil, a thing that was not heard of earlier.
Then 9/11 happened and this was the first time that Americans had to face an attack in their own country. The government decided not to take this blatant attack lying down and based on the intelligence reports, declared that the attacks were carried out by Bin Laden's Al Qaeda. This led to the United States fighting the Al Qaeda and the Taliban in Afghanistan and resulted in the war, which is still ongoing.
The war in Afghanistan started on 7th October 2001 when the US and its allies started air strikes against the Taliban forces and Al Qaeda. On the ground, the Northern Alliance helped soldiers from the US, the UK and other allied countries. Finally, on 13th November 2001, Taliban lost control of Kabul and they retreated in the mountains in the northern part of the country. While the Taliban lost its control over Afghanistan, the US could not lay their hands on Osama Bin Laden until 2011, when he was killed in a surprise attack in Pakistan by the elite US Navy SEALs.
Even today, the US forces and its allies are still fighting Taliban insurgents in Afghanistan. The US has asked Pakistan to stop aiding and helping the Taliban, but the Pakistani government has denied that it is helping. But the fact that Osama Bin Laden was found living in a palatial house in Abottabad in Pakistan shows that most probably the Pakistani secret service, better known as ISI, does have a hand in helping Al Qaeda and Taliban forces.
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