Legacy Of Benito Mussolini
Benito Mussolini was the dictator of Italy and left a tremendous mark on the upcoming generation, Italy and Europe. His life started very simple as a son of a blacksmith and has undergone the days of poverty. Though he led a simple and struggling life initially, by his braveness and efforts, he could be transformed to play a role of teacher, soldier, journalist, politician, dictator and philosopher. He had the vision of changing the country into a flourishing nation. He brought the enormous change in the economy of the country.
Mussolini envisioned that the development of an effective conveyance is very much necessary to bring out a prosperous nation. So he brought an excellent transportation system on land, air and water that helped to fetch a good economic rate of the country. The efforts he took to bring up the country were so great that there was a significant progress in the growth of the economy of Italy. He introduced the religious studies into the educational system. Mussolini brought many social and political remedies and became an absolute ruler. More...
How Did Mussolini Come To Power ?
Benito Mussolini, the founder of National Fascist Party, came to power in 1921 winning 35 seats in the election held at Italy. The King Victor Emmanuel III called Mussolini to form the government in Rome in the year 1922, on checking the March on Rome arranged by Mussolini. The king made Mussolini the Italian prime minister in 1922.
Even though, Italy was not defeated in World War I, it did face the bitter experience of economic and social problems caused by the war. Many Italians offended that the Italy was cheated by the Allies in the territorial gains according to the Treaty of Versailles. They also blamed the weakness of ruling politicians which brought a political transition to democratic parliamentary where the political parties are involved in establishing the government. The Fascist Party headed by Mussolini gained majority in the election and established the government. More...
What Happened To Mussolini During The Final Days Of The War ?
Italy was led by Mussolini in 1940 during the Second World War. He professed war on the UK and France to add more territories to the Harmony Treaty. Three years later, he was imprisoned at Grand Council of Fascism provoked by Allied powers but was rescued during Gran Sasso invasion by the German Special Forces. Mussolini then commanded Italian Social Republic, but in 1945 he escaped to Switzerland for fear of defeat to be recaptured and executed by Italian partisans around Lake Como.
Early 1942 onwards, Italy’s position started weakening. They got defeated at El Alamein in 1942 and in the Tunisia Campaign, 1943 spring. There were major obstacles at the Eastern segment and so was at home front due to Allied bombings. Deficiency in raw materials, oil and oil resulted in virtual standstill of factories. Italy experienced tremendous scarcity of food and available food was sold at high prices. Further discontent came in 1943 March as important factories in Turin and Milan stopped production and secured evacuation grants for the laborers families. Around April 1943, Mussolini pleaded Hitler to march German soldiers to the western part for guarding any Allied invasion. On 19th July 1943, Mussolini’s army almost collapsed when the Allied troops landed first in Sicily and later in Rome.More...