Art History Timeline
The timeline illustrating the history of art begins from the ancient civilizations in roughly 3000 BC, and extends to the present day art forms. The creative skills have been evolving and progressing with the passage of every decade.
ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS: 3000 BC - 331 BC (BCE)
3200 - 1070 BC: This period signifies Egyptian art representing the style of painting, sculpture, crafts and architecture produced by the inhabitants of the lower Nile Valley. The art stressed on life after death.
1370 - 1340 BC: Amarna art describes the Egyptian art that was created under the control of Akhenaten.
3500 - 331 BC: Mesopotamian art defines the creative skills of the civilization prevalent in the Tigris Euphrates region in the eastern Mediterranean.
3500 - 1750 BC: Sumerian or Akkadian form of art developed in the valleys of Tigris and Euphrates river and produced fine works in marble, diorite, hammered gold and lapis lazuli.
1000 - 539 BC: Assyrian or Neo-Babylonian art was utilized to communicate primitive images such as evil spirits, fertility, love, war, fear and death.
539 - 331 BC: Persian art reflects the combination of the diverse cultures that developed in the region, now known as Iran.
3000 - 1100 BC: Aegean Art denotes the aesthetic skills of the surrounding areas and of the islands within the Aegean Sea.
3000 - 1475 BC: Minoan (Crete) form of art demonstrates a social set up in harmony with themselves and the environment.
1650 - 1100 BC: Mycenean (Greece) art essentially projects early mainland Greek art.
800 - 323 BC: Greek art reflects some of the most enduring themes, attitudes and forms of Western culture.
CLASSIC CIVILIZATIONS 800 BC - 337 AD (BCE-CE)
323-150 BC: This time period represents Hellenistic Art, to which belong some of the most remarkable pieces of sculpture.
6th - 5th century BC: Etruscan Art comprises of mainly figurative art in the form of wall paintings and sculpture produced in terracotta.
509 BC - 337 AD: This period was dominated by Roman Art, which apart from paintings, sculpture, architecture and metal work, also includes ivory carving, gem engraving, pottery, coin dye and book illustrations.
MIDDLE AGES 373 - 1453 AD (CE)
200 - 732 AD: Celtic, Saxon, and Hiberno art form was marked by the fusion of Anglo-Saxon and Celtic techniques and motifs.
400 - 1453 AD: Byzantine Art illustrates the creative skills of the Byzantine Empire till the fall of Constantinople.
527 - 565 AD: The form of art under the reigns of Emperor Justinian is referred to as Justinian art. It was during this time that Byzantine art reached its pinnacle.
622 - 900 AD: Islamic art focuses on calligraphy and patterns. Figurative art was forbidden by Islam.
732 - 900 AD: Carolingian Art marks the pre-Romanesque era and pertains to the aesthetic talents encompassing the Frankish Empire.
900 - 1050 AD: Ottonian Art defines the artistic style in pre-Romanesque Germany.
1000 - 1140 AD: Romanesque Style of art projects an element of abstraction, highlighting Christian themes.
1140 - 1500 AD: Gothic Style of art focuses on sculpture, panel painting, fresco, stained glass and illuminated manuscripts.
RENAISSANCE 1400 - 1800 AD (CE)
1400 - 1600 AD: Italian Renaissance projects the opening phase of Renaissance that saw the rebirth of the classical antiquity.
1500 - 1600 AD: European Renaissance began in Florence and then spread to the rest of the continent.
1600 - 1700 AD: Baroque art was largely encouraged by the Roman Catholic Church.
1700 - 1750 AD: Rococo art involves the 18th century French art and interior design.
PRE-MODERN 1800 - 1880 AD (CE)
1750 - 1880 AD: Neo-Classicism was an aesthetic movement that took inspiration from the Western classical art and culture.
1800 - 1880 AD: Romanticism commenced as an artistic and intellectual movement that put emotion above reasoning.
1830s - 1850s AD: Realism rejected the artificiality of both classicism and romanticism and believed in honest and accurate portrayal of the object.
1870s - 1890s AD: Impressionism stressed on light being a vital decisive factor in creativity.
MODERNISM 1880 - 1945 AD (CE)
1880 - 1900 AD: Post Impressionism was an extension of the era of impressionism but concentrated mainly on geometric forms.
1900 - 1920 AD: Expressionism defined art as an emotional experience rather than physical reality.
1900 - 1920 AD: Fauvism revolutionized the concept of colors in modern art.
1907 - 1914 AD: Cubism transformed European painting and sculpture with artists such as Pablo Picasso as pioneers.
1916 - 1922 AD: Dada originated in Zurich, and influenced many movements in the future.
1920s - 1940s AD: This period was marked by many movements such as Bauhaus, Harlem Renaissance, Surrealism and the International Style
MODERN and POST-MODERN 1945 AD - Present (CE)
1945 - 1960 AD: Abstract Expressionism, a post World War II movement was the foremost form of art to attain world wide fame.
1960s AD: This decade was represented by the Op art, Pop art and Minimal art.
1970s - 1980s AD: This decade brought into spotlight Neo-Realism, Conceptual art and Performance art.
1980s - 1990s AD: Marking this period were prominent styles of artistic work such as Neo-Expressionism, Computer Art, Post-Modern Classicism and Victorian Revival.
1990s - 2000s AD: Keeping in tune with the changes in the technological world, today art forms such as contemporary art, video art, street art and VJ art dominate the aesthetic realm.
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