List Of The Elements In Romanticism
Commencing in the latter part of the 18th century in Western Europe, the artistic and intellectual movement of Romanticism finally reached its pinnacle during the Industrial Revolution. The style carved a niche for itself in diverse fields such as visual arts, music and literature. The style emerged as a rebellious movement against the elite social and political values.
The movement emphasized on emotions as an inspiration for creative instincts and rescued the artists from the conventional ideology. The movement enhanced the accomplishments of heroes in society.
The exact definition of the term ‘romanticism’ is still a debatable issue. Some historians perceive it to be a benchmark for the onset of modernity, while some view it as a Counter Enlightenment move. There are still others who feel that romanticism was a direct consequence of the French Revolution. However, there has not been a general consensus of this issue. The movement symbolized individualism, subjectivism, imagination and emotions. Charles Baudelaire describes it as a way of feeling, a thought process that evoked criticism labeling the movement to be irrational.
Romanticism incorporates five elements in a broad framework. Frontier forms the foremost element which illustrates freedom with no geographical restrictions. The second element was optimism, which was felt to a greater extent in comparison to Europe owing to the vastness. The third element was represented by experimentation in science as well as in various organizations. The fourth element was the fusion of races. This happened as a result of the high rate of immigration into the United States. There was influx of foreign art from Canada, Asia and many other countries. Last but not the least stood the element of industrial growth.
The romanticism artists were immensely fascinated by nature. They explored the human personality. Some of the eminent artists of this movement include William Blake, Francisco de Goya, William Turner, John Constable and Henry Fuseli. The master pieces, ‘The Tyger’ and ‘Abel’ created by William Blake stand out in this artistic regime. Other significant works are John Constable’s ‘Helmingham Dell’ and ‘The Salisbury Cathedral’, Francisco de Goya’s ‘The Colossus’ and ‘Saturn Eating Cronus’ and Eugene Delacroix’s ‘The Death of Sardanapal’ and ‘Liberty Leading the People, 28 July’.
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