Augustus Caesar Life Timeline
Augustus Caesar’s birth name was Octavian. He was considered to be one the greatest Roman emperors. Following is the life timeline of Augustus Caesar:More...
Augustus Caesar Biography
Augustus Caesar, born in Rome in the year 63 BC on September 23, is considered to be the first greatest Roman Emperor. He was the absolute monarch for over forty years, from 27 B.C. until 14 A.D. This reign was popularly called the Augustan Age. Though he was a rigid politician and soldier, he stopped civil wars and took Rome to new heights of peace, order, prosperity and royal magnitude. August, the 8th month of the Gregorian calendar, is also named after his name.
Though born as Gaius Octavius, his named was altered to Gaius Julius Caesar Octavius after getting adopted by Julius Caesar, who wanted heir. Caesar was August Caesar's uncle, his mother's brother. After Julius Caesar’s assassination in March 44 BC, Augustus Caesar came back from Apollonia (now Albania) and formed an army in association with Julius Caesar’s expert soldiers, Marcus Antonius and Marcus Lepidus. This coalition, referred to as the Second Triumvirate, began a war against Julius Caesar’s murderers, Marcus Junius Brutus and Gaius Cassius who finally escaped to the east. The Caesarian forces chased them and defeated them at Philippi in Macedonia.More...
Augustus Caesar Family
Augustus Caesar was the greatest Roman emperor. He was married to Scribonia at a young age of twenty-three in the year 40 BC. Their only daughter Julia was born in 39 BC. After sometime, Augustus divorced his wife to marry his beloved Livia. She was the wife of Tiberius Claudius Nero and had a son Tiberius.
Augustus compelled Nero to divorce Livia while she was carrying his second child. Augustus and Livia lived together happily for 52 years till Augustus’ death, but they had no kids from this marriage. Thus Augustus had only three children, his daughter Julia, and 2 stepsons, Tiberius and Nero Drusus from Livia.More...
How Did Augustus Die ?
Augustus Caesar fell gravely ill in the year 23 B,C. He wanted to appoint a successor to his distinctive place in Rome and its government, an heir capable of dealing with all political matters and the public. Augustan historians have different arguments regarding the issue of his heir. According to some historians, he wanted to appoint his sister’s son Marcellus, who was hurriedly married to Augustus’ daughter, Julia, the Elder, while other historians disagree this because of Augustus’ will showed that he had a soft corner for Marcus Agrippa. He was Augustus’ second in command and perhaps the only one of his fellow men to lead the masses and hold the Roman Empire united.
But Marcellus died in the year 23 B.C., and his daughter was married to Agrippa. Agrippa managed the eastern part of the Empire for five years, but he was not granted the complete authority. Augustus wanted to nominate his adopted sons Gaius and Lucius his heirs. So they were made into consuls. Augustus was also in favor of his stepsons Nero Claudius Drusus and Tiberius Claudius, Livia’s sons from her previous marriage. So he gave them military commands and public office. Agrippa died in 12 B.C., and Livia’s son Tiberius married Agrippa’s widow and Augustus’ daughter Julia.More...