History Of The Cotton Gin
Cotton gin was a machine invented to make the techniques of cotton processing a lot easier. It looks like a wire mesh with hooks that can easily pull the cotton fibers and discard the seeds effectively. These machines were one of the early inventions by man. A cotton gin was used in countries like India as early as the 1st century AD. Stones and wood were used instead of metal.
The drawings and paintings in the Ajanta caves are a testimony to cotton gins being used in India during the 5th century AD. The paintings depict the usage of single roller gins that served the purpose of deseeding cotton balls. This could apparently extract nearly 50 pounds of cotton everyday.
In the 12th and 14th centuries, single rollers gave way to double rollers. Many centuries later, with the advent of industrial revolution, Eli Whitney invented the famous modern cotton gin. Born in Westborough, in 1765, he developed a prototype for cleansing cotton seeds. This was primarily made with wood. It had metal hooks attached on the sides. Cotton was pulled through metal wires to separate the fiber from the seeds. The efficiency of this machine was 50 times better when compared to other traditional methods.
This crucial invention led to a drastic increase in the production of cotton. America was able to sell and export large quantities of cotton to different parts of the world, increasing in its yearly financial profits. This machine was excellent in terms of saving time, money and labor.
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