Bay Of Pigs Invasion History
The Bay of Pigs invasion was initially planned with the idea of provoking popularity for a revolt against Fidel Castro who overthrew Fulgencio Batista, an American-backed dictator. It was a very tricky situation as the plan was to overthrow the Cuban government with whom the US was not at war then.
Castro promoted communist governance during his regime and the urge to topple his leadership grew at this time. Ultimately, Castro enjoyed a military victory and the invasion created a permanent mark in the history and symbolized the resistance of Cubans against American aggression.
The planning for the Bay Of Pigs Invasion commenced during the year 1960 before the diplomatic alliance with Cuba was broken. Military strategies and propaganda were also detailed in the plan. However, in spite of the efforts taken by the US to ‘appear’ not being involved in this strategy, the Cubans already informed the UN about the role played by the US in hiring and training mercenaries.
Though the planning was done during the administration of Dwight D. Eisenhower, the actual invasion was carried out during John F. Kennedy's tenure. Kennedy, during his campaign for Presidential elections, accused Eisenhower about not taking enough efforts in this matter and was strongly inclined to execute the invasion as planned.
Though Richard Nixon, the former Vice President, Robert F. Kennedy, John F. Kennedy’s brother, and Robert S. McNamara, the Secretary of Defense, were in favor of the plan, J. William Fulbright, the senator, and also Chester Bowles, Under Secretary of State, were not in agreement.
The invasion finally took place five days after Kennedy declared at a press conference that the US does not have any intention of intervening in the affairs of Cuba.
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