Famous Scientist Biography
Sir Isaac Newton was the greatest English mathematician and physicist of his generation. He laid the foundation for differential and integral calculus. Sir Isaac Newton’s discoveries were so numerous and varied that many consider him to be the father of modern science.

His discoveries mainly included laws of gravity and planetary motions, differential calculus, explained laws of light and color, but his work on optics and gravitation makes him one of the greatest scientists the world has known.
Sir Isaac Newton was born prematurely into poor farming family on Christmas day i.e. on December 25, 1942 in Woolsthrope, a hamlet near Grantham in Lincolnshire, England. A graduate of trinity college, Cambridge, Newton developed an intense interest in mathematics and laws of nature which ultimately led to his two most famous works: Mathematical principals of natural philosophy (1687) and optics (1704). Newton’s accomplishments in life were many. Generally he devoted most of his life to studying alchemy, theology, and history. In 1668, Newton built the first reflecting telescope. During his lifetime he was involved in the development of calculus. Newton’s scientific enquiry led him to the development of a fundamental scientific tool  differential calculus.
Newton formulated the classical theories of mechanics and optics and invented calculus. The calculus developed by Newton could be used and was used by him for solving great variety of mechanical and hydrodynamic problems. Newton has done remarkable work in establishing universal laws of gravity and three laws of motion now known as Newton’s laws (law of inertia, action and reaction, and acceleration proportional to force). He was elected as a member of parliament for two times, from 1689 to 1690 and again in 1701 for his university. In 1703, Newton became the president of Royal Society, another post that he held till his death. In 1705, Newton was knighted by the Queen Anne. Newton died on March 20, 1727 due to bladder stone.
