Botswana Brief History
Botswana is the term which represents the Botswana citizens, and it is referred to the ethnic group called Tswana, which dominates the country. This ethnic group is from South Africa, which entered the country at the time of Zulu wars in the starting of the 1800s. Before the Europeans entered the country the people of Botswana made their living as farmers and herders under the rule of the tribal.
In the 19th century, there were conflicts between Boer settlers who were the natives of Transvaal and Botswana. After the Botswana appealed for assistance, the British made Botswana as Bechuanaland protectorate in the year 1885. The north area was under the control of the administration and it is the present Botswana and the south part came under the cape colony and now comes under the South African northwest province. Most of the people who speak Setswana at present are in South Africa.More...
Botswana Government History
Botswana is two times the size of Arizona and it is situated in south central Africa with the nations Zambia, Namibia, South Africa and Zimbabwe being at its borders. Most parts in this nation are near to the Kalahari Desert, and this desert occupies western Botswana. The eastern Botswana is hilly and the northern part is filled with salt lakes.
The first inhabitants in this area were the Sans, and they were succeeded by Tswana. Almost half of Botswana at present is ethnically Tswana. The term Botswana is referred as national rather than ethnical by the people of this country.
The Zulu encroached in the 1820s and the Boers belonging to Transvaal in the 1870s. And, in the 1880s, the peace was under threat in Botswana. In the year 1885, British made Botswana as protectorate which was then called Bechuanaland. In the year 1961, the constitution was granted by the Britain to Botswana. Self government started in the year 1965. The nation got independence on 30 September 1966. The oldest democracy in Africa is Botswana.More...
Medical History Of Botswana
In the year 1946, the Medical Association of South Africa came in affiliation with British Medical Association. It resulted in a document which stated that the protectorate of Basutoland, Bechualand and Swaziland will be in the area of the medical association of South Africa. All the medical activities which were professional were done with the supervision of the medical association of South Africa.
The profitable avenues were affiliated to British Medical Association or the branches were formed as a part of the British Medical Association as it happened in Uganda, Kenya, Lesotho and Tangayika. Dr. Kennedy, the first government specialist surgeon, took the responsibility to draft a constitution for the association which was proposed. They held a clinical meeting of the medical officers on July 19, 1968 in which the draft copy of the constitution was put in front of the members. People at the meeting discussed, debated, amended and then accepted by the people in the meeting. It was on 20 September 1968 when the general meeting was held in the Princess Marina Hospital and the Medical Association of Botswana was inaugurated formally.More...