History Of Contemporary Music Of South Africa
The music in South Africa is of folk and popular forms. The source of the pop style music is harmonic Mbaganga and Zulu Isicathamiya. The organized training in music was provided by the Christian mission for the first time in South Africa. This brought out the talent in the first musicians in South Africa like Enoch Sontongo, who was the one who wrote national anthem of South Africa Nkosi Sikelel Iafrika.
As the 19th century came to an end, the cities in South Africa like the Cape Town attracted large number of musicians from foreign particularly the American ragtime players. The African American spirituals became popular by Orpheus McAdoos jubilee singers in the 1890s.
In the beginning years of the 20th century, the restrictions by the government were increased on the blacks, which included the night curfew which made the night like of Johannesburg small. Marabi was popular style from the slums in Johannesburg.
Marabi is a kind of music which is played with pianos along with the pebble filled cans, particularly in the Shebeens which served alcohol illegally to the blacks. In the 1930s, Marabi included the instruments like the banjos, guitars and the concertinas. Marabi was played in new styles like marabi/swing fusion known as African jazz and jive.
The music of South Africa became popular starting in the year 1912 as the recordings were made commercially for the first time. The music got the boom after the year 1930 as the Eric Gallo's Brunswick gramophone house went to London for the recording in the singer records. Gallo started production in music in the year 1933 in South Africa. His company was named the Gallo recording company which is still the largest music production company which acclaims artists like Solomon Linda, Miriam Makeba, Ladysmith black Mambazo, Mahotella queens and Mahlathini.
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