History Of Romania
Since 200 BC, Romania has been constantly intruded by migrates and invaders. The early Thracian tribes were the first ones to enter Romania. During the 2nd century, these tribes invited the Roman Empire. However, centuries later as the empire declined due to its constant expansion covering the entire of Europe.
Romania disappeared completely for a few years until it reestablished itself during the medieval period as Principals of Wallachia and Moldavia. These two principalities came together as one in 1859 as they were badly controlled under the previously governing Ottomans. They got independent in 1878 during the Treaty of Berlin. Carol of Hohenzollernsigmaringen was the first prince of the newly formed Romania in the year 1881. This new empire has to shuffle between Ottoman, Russian and Austrian empires and highly adapted everything from the West majorly France as it was known for its educational, social, political and administrative rule.More...
History Of The Flags Of Romania
The national flag of Romania has three colors arranged vertically in blue, yellow, red order beginning from the flagstaff. These colors were present on the 16th century imperial awards, banners and shields of Michael the Brave. In the times of the Walachian revolution of 1821, these colors were used on the activists’ flag and its borders and were ascribed a meaning: blue for liberty, yellow for justice, and red for fraternity.
The tricolor with blue-yellow-red order was accepted for the first time in 1834 in Walachia. Before that the flag had red-blue-yellow order with stars and a bird’s head in the center.
Thus, the flag approved for Walachia in 1848 was a blue, yellow, and red tricolor. But what would be the design of the national flag was not yet very clear. So, in July 1848, it was decided that the flag would have three vertical bands: dark blue color close to the flagpole, followed by light yellow and then carmine red color. According to some historians, the flag’s design was inspired by the French flag. But others think that it symbolized Romania’s old tradition and was not a replica of the French flag. These colors had been used by Romania’s ancestors on their flags and shields, etc.More...
Romania Art History
After seeing the range and intensity of the murals at the monasteries of Moldovita, Humor, Voronet, Andre Grabar, the great Byzantine intellectual, called this creative trend “an illustrated book open on all its pages”. Maintaining the links with the Byzantine collection, the Modern Age civilization shows a rising trend to follow the European art which has impressions of the Renaissance, Romanticist, or Impressionistic movements.
Nicolae Grigorescu, Ion Andreescu, and Stefan Lucian who added factors similar to Art Nouveau and Impressionism, are the originators of contemporary Romanian work of art. In the first fifty years of the 20th century, many great individuals followed them and set in many new prospects in the field of Romanian painting.More...