History Of Atomic Bombings On Hiroshima And Nagasaki  

Invention of the atomic bomb was made use of in one of the most horrifying ways when it was dropped in Aug 1945 on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. A program code named the Manhattan Project got underway in mid-1942 to make the bomb. More than 100,000 personnel worked for 3 years before completing the invention of the first atomic bomb. On 16 Jul 1945, the bomb was tested in Trinity, New Mexico and the blast caused devastation equivalent to a bomb containing twenty kilotons of tri-nitro-toluene (TNT).


Hiroshima was targeted on 6th August 1945 and the bomb was dropped from B-29 plane called Enola Gay. It exploded almost 550m above the city releasing 15 tons of energy and intense heat. Around 130,000 to 200,000 people suffered injuries, died or disappeared. When the government in Japan tried to underplay the effect, the second bomb originally targeting Kokura was dropped on Nagasaki on 9th August. The local geography of Nagasaki averted excessive damage despite the release of twenty kilotons of chemical explosive. The explosion occurred over Urakami, which is north of the port.

The damage caused by the bomb resulted due to intense blast, thermal and nuclear radiation. The first 2 factors caused most of the damage and the effect was seen on people within a distance of one mile from the epicenter.

The military outcome of this bombing was acceptance of defeat by Japanese. The significance of atomic bombing was the large scale of catastrophe and death caused by dropping one bomb from one airplane.

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World War II:

Bombings Of Hiroshima And Nagasaki Effects On Society      The atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945 caused extensive destruction to life and property ever witnessed in 20th century. The thermal, nuclear and heat effect of the explosive killed and injured as many as 200,000 people. The aftereffect of the bombing caused especially due to nuclear radiation stirred panic in the populace thus slowing down the repair and reconstruction work. The damage to lives and property was immense and the effects of exposure to nuclear radiation affected the future generations as well. By November 1945 just 140,000 people had returned to their cities. More..




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